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Preparing for a disaster. 

Humanitarian Emergencies and Communicable Diseases

Choose one of the two following questions to answer.

1. Mass vaccination after a disaster:

There was a natural disaster that occurred and has led to an infectious disease outbreak (your choice of one that is vaccine-preventable).  Those affected by the disaster are settled in temporary locations with high population densities, inadequate food and shelter, unsafe water, poor sanitation and infrastructure that has been compromised or destroyed.  There is a vaccine available for the infectious disease but there are not enough doses to give to all who are at-risk due to the natural disaster. 

You are the public health official in charge of infectious disease prevention.  Devise a plan to administer the vaccine to the population.  Will you use a lottery system or target specific sub-populations?  How will you track and monitor those who are vaccinated? Use the attributes of the infectious disease to provide reasoning behind your plan.  What other prevention techniques that can be used to supplement the vaccination plan?

2. Preparing for a disaster.  Choose a location of your choice and do the following evaluation:

1. Identify and analyze emergency risks, population vulnerabilities, and likely impact/consequences.

2. Identify lead health agencies and authorities in that area.  What is the capacity of the local health agencies to respond to a disaster?

3. Implement relevant measures such as immunization, heightened vector control, stockpiling, and staff training.