Explain how to conduct a physical assessment of the lung and thorax

Explain how to conduct a physical assessment of the lung and thorax

Description

Develop a plan of care for the lung and thorax system Demonstrate documentation of the lung and thorax assessment findings Explain how to conduct a physical assessment of the lung and thorax Assignment Overview In this writing assignment, you will review a case scenario and submit an assignment providing information on how you would conduct a focused physical assessment of the client based on the presenting complaints. You will document your findings from the focused history and physical assessment data elicited and develop a nursing plan of care for this client. You can access the grading rubric for this assignment here: Writing RubricPreview the document. Deliverables A three-page (750-word) paper Step 1 Review the case scenario. Kelsey Young is a seven-year-old African American girl who presents to the clinic today with her mother, Angie Young, as a follow-up to a visit to the emergency department after she had an episode of breathing difficulty the day before. Onset: You ask Kelsey to describe what happened that brought her to the ER yesterday. She tells you she was at school and was coughing and couldn’t stop, and then her chest felt really tight and she felt like she couldn’t breathe right. She says that she got really scared, and the school nurse called an ambulance and her mom. You asked Kelsey if that ever happened before and she says no. You ask Mrs. Young if Kelsey has had any other respiratory or breathing problems. She tells you Kelsey always has a cough in the morning, but it seems to get better, and she never complains about it at school. She does get frequent colds, though. You ask Kelsey and Mrs. Young if she has noticed Kelsey has difficulty breathing or complains of chest pain. Kelsey tells you sometimes at recess she has trouble keeping up with the other kids because her chest hurts, and it is hard to breathe. Mrs. Young validates that she has noticed this as well. Location: You ask Kelsey to show you where her breathing feels bad, and she points to her chest area. Duration: You ask Mrs. Young to describe how long the coughing and shortness of breath has been occurring, and she tells you for about a year or so. Characteristics: You ask Kelsey to describe what it feels like when she has trouble breathing or coughing. She tells you that her chest hurts and her breathing feels “funny,” not like normal. She tells you her coughing makes her chest feel funny too. Aggravating factors: You ask Kelsey to tell you what makes her breathing feel worse. She tells you it gets worse when she runs around. She also tells you she coughs and sneezes a lot when she plays with her new kittens, Chico and Kiekie. She also tells you her chest sometimes hurts when “daddy smokes.” Alleviating factors: You ask Kelsey what makes her breathing better and she tells you she’s not really sure, it just usually gets better. Other background information: Kelsey is one of two children, and she has a younger brother, Marcus. Her father is an accountant and is a smoker. He has tried to quit but has been unsuccessful. Her mother is a stay-at-home mother and is very involved with her children. Kelsey loves to read, watch movies about animals, and play with her cats. You perform the following assessment: Lungs: Expiratory wheezes, otherwise clear Thorax: Normal findings upon exam Diagnosis and treatment: After ruling out other causes, Kelsey is diagnosed with asthma. She is placed on inhaled corticosteroids, an albuterol rescue inhaler, and Claritin for her allergies. Mrs. Young is advised to consider removing the kittens from the house and to have Mr. Young stop smoking in the house. Step 2 Provide answers for each item below. You are precepting a student nurse today who is taking her assessment class. She is learning about focused history and assessment skills. In your paper, discuss the following items: Write a detailed explanation describing what you would say to the student, explaining the assessment conducted and the findings. Discuss the thorax assessment you performed and any additional assessments you would perform. What are other factors related to the probable diagnosis you would be concerned about with this client? Explain how you would document your findings in the medical record. Develop your plan of care. Identify one to two nursing diagnoses and one to two nursing interventions related to those diagnoses. The interventions need to be evidence based. Cite the references used in your plan in correct format. Identify what client education (including creating an asthma action plan for the client) should be done for Kelsey, given her background and presenting illness. Describe your teaching strategy and how you will evaluate the effectiveness of the educational intervention. Step 3 Save and submit your assignment. When you have completed your assignment, save a copy for yourself in an easily accessible place and submit a copy to your instructor using the dropbox. References: Giddens, J. F. (2010). The neighborhood: faculty navigation guide. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc. Mayo Clinic Staff. (2010, September 21). Childhood asthma. Retrieved from http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/childhood-asthma/DS00849 RUBRIC RN to BSN-3.docxPreview the document Rubric Writing Rubric Writing Rubric Criteria Ratings Pts This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeContent 4.0 pts Excellent *Clear language *Information is accurate and thorough *Sufficient and accurate supporting information * Main idea is clearly stated 3.0 pts Good *Language used is mostly clear *Information is accurate and fairly thorough *Sufficient and accurate supporting information * Main idea is clearly stated 2.0 pts Fair *Language used is not very clear *Information is inaccurate or not thorough *Supporting information is insufficient but mostly accurate * Main idea is not clearly stated 1.0 pts Poor *There are many issues with language usage *Information is inaccurate or not thorough *Supporting information is insufficient or inaccurate * Main idea is not clearly stated 0.0 pts Non demonstrated *The assignment was not completed *The assignment is poorly written, and the information used is inaccurate and insufficient * There is no attempt to address main idea *The language used was inappropriate 4.0 pts This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeOrganization 4.0 pts Excellent * Well-organized; appropriate flow * No citation errors * Appropriate length * No format errors 3.0 pts Good ** Good organization and flow * Few citation errors * Appropriate length * Few format errors 2.0 pts Fair * There are issues with the organization and flow * There are a few citation errors * The length is not appropriate * There are a few format errors 1.0 pts Poor * There are issues with the organization and flow * There are many citation errors * The length is not appropriate * There are many format errors 0.0 pts Non Demonstrated * The assignment was not completed *The assignment is not organized in any way; formatting is incorrect * Proper citations were not used 4.0 pts This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeMechanics 4.0 pts Excellent No spelling, grammar, or punctuation errors 3.0 pts Good Spelling, grammar, or punctuation are mostly error-free 2.0 pts Fair A few spelling, grammar, or punctuation errors 1.0 pts Poor Many spelling, grammar, or punctuation errors 0.0 pts Non demonstrated *The assignment was not completed *The assignment is full of spelling, grammar, or punctuation errors 4.0 pts Total Points: 12.0

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